About Khambhat

Khambhat is also referred to as Cambay, which is a town that surrounds the urban agglomeration of Khambhat Taluka. It is located in the Anand district which is situated in Gujarat, India. This place used to be a very important center for trade and commerce, mostly because of the harbor. Later, the harbor started to silt up, and this caused the maritime trade to move to some other place. Khambhat is located on the alluvial plains which are on the northern end of the Khambhat Gulf. This place is well-known and very famous because of the fall and the rise of tides. This varies up to thirty feet in height. The most popular things of Khambhat are sutarfeni, kites, and halwasan.

Khambhat is considered to be the only place in the country of the Harappan craft where the making of the agate bead is found. It is true that this region has no deposits of stone. The stones are collected from the Rajpipla hills and this is what has allowed the craft to survive for all these years. The Rajpipla hill is almost two hundred kms away from Khambhat. According to the folklore of the town, this craft has been dedicated to a saint named Baba Ghor, who was from Ethiopia. He was responsible for a big contingent of the Muslim community for settling inside the town. The archeological records of the development of the craft are traced back to one of the most important Harappan outpost, Lothal, almost around four thousand years ago.

Khambhat has a number of variants of names. These include Cambaet of Marco Polo, Cambeth of Marino Sanudo, Cambay, Khambat, Camanes of Ptolemy, Khambavati of Tod, Khambhat, etc.

Origin of the name Khambhat

Most people are of the belief that Khambhat is actually the Camanes of Ptolemy. According to James Tod, the name Khambhat was derived from the word Khambavati, which is a Sanskrit word. This meant the city of pillars. Khamba means pillars, and this is where the name Khambhat came from.

Geography of Khambhat

The town of Khambhat is situated at 22.3 degrees North and 72.62 degrees east. The mean elevation of this town is around eight meters or twenty-six feet. Khambhat is very famous for the humid and warm climate. The town is situated near the plains. The land of Khambhat sits on the silt that is deposited by the Mahi River. This makes Khambhat very fertile, mostly because of the alluvial soil that it has. The summer season prevails in the months of April and June. The monsoon seasons are from July to September. The climate is muggy throughout the year except when it is winters. The maximum temperature ranges from twenty-five to thirty-minute degrees and the minimum temperature ranges from ten to twelve degrees. The tides of the Khambhat coast are considered to be the highest, and it goes up to almost thirty-five feet.

Demographics of Khambhat

According to the Indian census of 2001, the population of Khambhat was 80,439. The males constitute around 52 percent, and the females are around 48 percent. The average literacy rate of 73 percent which is a lot higher than the national literacy rate which is 59.5 percent. The male literacy rate in Khambhat is 78 percent, and the female literacy rate is 67 percent. The population that is under six years is around ten percent.

Economy of Khambhat

The people here are known to have agate business, the business of the astrological stones, among which ruby is the most important. There are many shops that sell eatables and a number of interesting household products.

Tourism in Khambhat

Khambhat is very well known for all the attractions that it has, and tourists flock here every year to witness these beautiful places. The most popular destinations for the tourist include the Sikotar Mata Mandir, the Swaminarayan Mandir, the Dariyai Uttarayana, the Jami Masjid, the Muharram of Khambhat, the Jain Derasar and so on. These places are visited by the tourists frequently as they have a lot of historical importance.

Transport in Khambhat

Khambhat is connected to different parts of the city with the help of the rail and the road transport.

Rail Transport
The city of Khambhat is connected to Anand, which is the district headquarters, by the railway line of Khambhat. The total number of trains departing for Anand is around eight.

Road Transport
Khambhat is connected to different places of the city which include Dharmraj, Tarapur, Petlad, Vataman, Nadiad, Anand, Dali, etc. by the regional roads.

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